National flowers by country - Floral emblem - State flower

National flowers by country - Floral emblem - State flower

National flower by country is referred as a symbol of the country. The synonyms are “floral emblem” in Australia and Canada, and “state flower” in the United States. Some coutries have a national flower coming from the hundreds- or even thousands-of-year-history or from the culture, the religion, or may or may not have the official ones.

National flowers 

In Asia

Country National Flower(s) Image of flower
Bangladesh Shapla (Nymphaea nouchali) Bangladesh national flower - Shapla
Bhutan Blue poppy (Meconopsis grandis) Bhutan national flower - Blue poppy
Brunei Simpoh Ayer (Dillenia suffruticosa) Brunei national flower - Sumpoh Ayer
Cambodia Romdoul Cambodia national flower - Romdoul
Cyprus Cyclamen cyprium (Cyprus cyclamen) Cyprus national flower - cyprus cyclamen
India Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) Indian national flower - Lotus Nelumbo nucifera

Jasminum sambac, anggrek bulan (Moon Orchid, Phalaenopsis amabilis),

padma raksasa rafflesia (Rafflesia arnoldii) 

Indonesia national flower - Jasminum sambac
Iran red rose, tulip, Nymphaea, Cupressus sempervirens  Iran national flower - Red tulip
Iraq Rose  Iraq national flower - Red rose
Israel calanit (poppy anemone (Anemone coronaria; calanit metzuya in Hebrew)) Israeli national flower - poppy anemone
Jordan Black iris (Iris nigricans) Jordan national flower - Black iris
Kuwait Rhanterium epapposum Kuwait national flower - Rhanterium epapposum
Laos plumeria (champa) Laos national flower - plumeria
Malaysia  bunga raya (Chinese Hibiscus, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) Malaysia national flower - bunga raya
Maldives pink polyantha rose (fiyaathoshi finifenmaa)  Maldives national flower - pink polyantha rose
Myanmar Pterocarpus indicus (paduak)  Maldives national flower - Pterocarpus indicus
Nepal Rhododendron  Nepal national flower - Rhododendron
North Korea Magnolia (Magnolia sieboldii) North Korea national flower - Magnolia sieboldii
Pakistan Poet's Jasmine Pakistan national flower - Poet's Jasmine
Palestinian Palestinian Poppy Palestinian national flower - Palestinian Poppy
Philippines Sampaguita (Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac)  Philippines national flower - sampaguita
Singapore Orchid (Vanda Miss Joaquim) Singapore national flower - Orchid
South Korea Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus) South Korea national flower - Rose of Sharon
Sri Lanka Nymphaea nouchali Sri Lanka national flower - Nymphaea nouchali
Taiwan Plum blossom  Taiwan national flower - Plum blossom
Thailand Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula), locally known as dok khuen or rachapruek  Thailand national flower - Golden Shower Tree
Turkey Tulip  Turkey national flower - tulip
Vietnam Red Lotus Vietnam national flower - Red lotus

In Europe

Country Flower Image
Albania Red and black poppy Albania national flower - black poppy
Austria Alpine gentian (German: Enzian), edelweiss  Austria national flower - Alpine gentian
Belarus Wild blue flax, Centaurea (unofficial)  Belarus national flower - Wild blue flax
Belgium Red poppy  Belgium national flower - Red poppy
Bosnia and Herzegovina  Bosnian lily (Lilium bosniacum) Bosina and Herzegovina national flower - Bosnian lily
Bulgaria Rose Bulgaria national flower - Rose
Croatia Iris croatica, Degenia velebitica, Tilia Croatia national flower - Iris croatica
Czech Republic Tilia cordata  Czech Republic national flower -Tilia cordata
England Rose (Tudor rose) Tudor rose
Estonia Cornflower Estonia national flower - Cornflower
Faroe Islands Marsh Marigold Faroe Islands national flower - Marsh Marigold
Finland Lily of the valley, white rose Finland national flower - Lily of the valley
France Fleur-de-lis France national flower - Fleur-de-lis

cornflower (or cyani flower)

Germany national flower -cyani flower
Gibraltar Candytuft (Iberis gibraltarica) Gibraltar national flower - Candytuft
Greece Laurel branch, violets, cyclamen (cyclamen graecum) Greece national flower - Laurel branch
Hungary Tulip Hungary national flower - Tulip
Iceland White dryad (Dryas octopetala) Iceland national flower - White dryad
Ireland Shamrock (or trefoil) Ireland national flower - Shamrock
Italy Cyclamen, Strawberry tree Italy national flower - cyclamen
Latvia Oxeye daisy Latvia national flower - Oxeye daisy
Lithuania Rue Lithuania national flower - Rue
Republic of Macedonia Wheat, tobacco and opium poppy Republic of Macedonia - Wheat
Malta Maltese Rock Centaury, Widnet il-Baħar Malta national flower - Maltese Rock Centaury
Monaco Carnation Monaco national flower - Carnation
Norway Saxifraga cotyledon, Calluna vulgaris Norway national flower - Saxifraga cotyledon
Poland Red poppy Poland national flower - Red poppy
Portugal Lavender, Olive leaves, Cork Oak, Red Carnation and Blue-White Hydrangea Portugal national flower - Lavender
Romania Dog Rose, Edelweiss, Romanian Peony Romania national flower - Dog Rose
Russia Chamomile Russia national flower - Chamomile
Scotland Thistle Scotland national flower - Thistle
Serbia Plum, Syringa, oak, Ramonda nathaliae, Ramonda serbica Serbia national flower - plum
Slovakia Rose,Tilia cordata Slovakia national flower - rose
Slovenia Carnation, Linden leaf Slovenia national flower - Carnation
Spain Carnation (Spanish: clavel)  Spain national flower - Carnation

Edelweiss; alpenrose (Rhododendron ferrugineum);

Alpine gentian (Gentiana alpina)

Switzerland national flower - Edelweiss
Ukraine  Viburnum, Sunflower, cherry Ukraine national flower - Viburnum

In Africa

Country National flower(s) Image of flower
Egypt White Egyptian water lily Egypt national flower - White Egyptian water lily
Ethiopia Calla lily Ethiopia national flower - calla lily
Lesotho Aloe polyphylla Lesotho national flower - Aloe polyphylla
Liberia Black pepper Liberia national flower - black pepper
Libya Pomegranate blossom Libya national flower - Pomegranate blossom
Mauritius Trochetia boutoniana (Boucle d'Oreille) Mauritius national flower - Trochetia boutoniana
Namibia Welwitschia Namibia national flower - Welwitschia
Nigeria Costus spectabilis Nigeria national flower - Costus spectabilis
South Africa King protea South Africa national flower - King protea
Tunisia Jasmine Tunisia national flower - Jasmine
Zimbabwe Gloriosa superba Zimbabwe naional flower - Gloriosa superba

In Oceania

Country National Flower Image of flower
Australia Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha) Australia national flower - Golden Wattle
French Polynesia Tahitian gardenia (tiare flower) French Polynesia - Tahitian gardenia
Fiji Tagimaucia (Medinilla waterhousei) Fiji national flower - Tagimaucia
New Zealand Silver Fern (foliage) - not official New Zealand national flower - Silver Fern
Tonga Heilala (Garcinia sessilis) Tonga national flower - Garcinia sessilis

In North American

Country National flower(s) Image of flower
Antigua and Barbuda Agave karatto, also known as ‘dagger log’ or ‘batta log' Antiqua and Barbuda national flower - Agave karatto
Bahamas Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans Bahamas national flower - Yellow Elder
Barbados Pride of Barbados (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) Barbados national flower - Pride of Barbados
Belize Black Orchid (Prosthechea cochleata) Belize national flower - Black Orchid
Bermuda Strict blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium montanum) Bermuda national flower - Strict blue-eyed grass
Canada Maple leaf Canada national flower - maple
Costa Rica Guaria morada (Guarianthe skinneri) Costa Rica national flower - Guaria morada
Cuba Mariposa (Hedychium coronarium) Cuba national flower - Mariposa (Hedychium coronarium)
Dominica Caribwood or bois kwaib (Poitea carinalis) Dominica national flower - Caribwood
Dominican Republic Caoba flower (mahogany tree, Swietenia mahagoni) Dominican Republic national rose - flower of Caoba
El Salvador Izote (yucca flower) El Salvador national flower - yuca flower
Guatemala Monja blanca (white Lycaste skinneri) Guatemala national flower - Monja blanca
Haiti Hibiscus, the national flower of Haiti Choeblack or rose kayenn (Hibiscus) Haiti national flower - Hibiscus
Honduras Orquídea brassavola (Rhyncholaelia orchid) Honduras national flower - Rhyncholaelia orchid
Jamaica Lignum vitae (Guaiacum officinale) Jamaica national flower - Guaiacum officinale
Mexico Dahlia Mexico national flower - Dahlia
Nicaragua Sacuanjoche (Plumeria alba) Nicaragua national flower - sacuanjoche (Plumeria alba)
Panama Holy Ghost Orchid (Peristeria elata), or the flor del Espiritu Santo Panama national flower - Holy Ghost Orchid
Saint Kitts and Nevis Red Royal Poinciana Saint Kitts and Nevis national flower - Red Royal Poinciana
Trinidad and Tobago Chaconia (Warszewiczia coccinea) Trinidad and Tobago national flower - Chaconia (Warszewiczia coccinea)
United State of America Rose US national flower - Rose

In South American

Country National flower Image of flower
Argentina Erythrina crista-galli, seibo or bucaré Argentina national flower - Erythrina crista-galli
Bolivian Kantuta (Cantua buxifolia) and Patujú (Heliconia rostrata). Bolivian national flower - Kantuta
Brazil Golden Trumpet Tree (Handroanthus albus). Brazil national flower - Golden Trumpet Tree
Chile Copihue (Lapageria rosea) Chile national flower - Copihue
Colombia Cattleya trianae, (orchid flowers in May) Colombia national flower - Cattleya trianae
Guyana Victoria regia lily Guyana national flower - Victoria regia lily
Peru Cantuta (also spelled kantuta or qantuta, from Quechua qantu) Peru national flower - Cantuta
Paraguay Mburucuyá Paraquay national flower - Mburucuyá
Uruguay Ceibo Uruguay national flower - Ceibo
Venezuela Flor de Mayo (Cattleya mossiae, an orchid) Venezuela national flower - Flor de mayo

Subnational flowers


  • Alberta: Wild Rose
  • British Columbia: Pacific Dogwood
  • Manitoba: Prairie Crocus
  • New Brunswick: Purple Violet
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: Pitcher plant
  • Northwest Territories: Mountain Avens
  • Nova Scotia: Mayflower
  • Nunavut: Purple Saxifrage
  • Ontario: White Trillium
  • Prince Edward Island: Pink Lady's Slipper
  • Quebec: Blue Flag Iris
  • Saskatchewan: Western Red Lily
  • Yukon: Fireweed


  • Småland: Linnaea borealis


  • Hong Kong: Bauhinia blakeana
  • Macau: Nelumbo nucifera


  • County Offaly: Bog-rosemary


  • Islamabad Capital Territory: Paper mulberry Rose
  • Balochistan: Date palm Perovskia atriplicifolia
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Jujube Calotropis procera
  • The Punjab: Tamarix aphylla Datura metel
  • Sindh: Vachellia nilotica Nerium
  • Gilgit-Baltistan: Quercus ilex Aquilegia
  • Azad Jammu and Kashmir: Platanus orientalis Rhododendron ponticum


  • Catalonia: Weaver's Broom (Spartium junceum)
  • Galicia: Gorse flower[57] (Ulex europaeus)


  • Australian Capital Territory: Royal Bluebell (Wahlenbergia gloriosa)
  • New South Wales: New South Wales Waratah (Telopea speciosissima)
  • Northern Territory: Sturt's Desert Rose (Gossypium sturtianum)
  • Queensland: Cooktown Orchid (Dendrobium phalaenopsis)
  • South Australia: Sturt's Desert Pea (Swainsona formosa)
  • Tasmania:  Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus globulus)
  • Victoria: Pink (Common) Heath (Epacris impressa)
  • Western Australia: Red and Green Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii)


  • Østfold: Lily-of-the-valley
  • Troms: Globe flower


  • England: Tudor rose or unofficially the red rose and English Oak.
  • Northern Ireland: the flax, orange lily, or shamrock
  • Scotland: the Scotch thistle, Scottish bluebell (harebell) or heather
  • Wales: the daffodil, leek or sessile oak

Unofficial flowers

  • ArmeniaAlthaea armeniaca, Armenian Basket, Muscari armeniacum, Armenian Poppy, Armenian vartig (vargit), and Tulipa armena.
  • China: peony, "spring orchid" (Cymbidium goeringii), sorghum blossom (Sorghum bicolor), plum blossom, meihua, orchid, jasmine, daffodil and chrysanthemum
  • Denmark: daisy, red clover
  • Ecuador: rose and the orchid
  • Japan: green pheasant, sakura (cherry blossom), chrysanthemum, paulownia blossom
  • Netherlands: tulips